|This post follows on from An Introduction to Film Studies Terminology 1: Macro (Narrative)|
|Genre||Definition: Types of film Academically – fiction, documentary, experimental. However, it is used more commonly to distinguish between types of fiction film. Hybrid genre films are the combination of genres in one film.
|Examples of film genres: Action, adventure, comedy, romance, melodrama, horror, war, sports, western, science-fiction, etc.|
|Generic Conventions||Definition: The set of expectations and conventions that develop over time within genres. Genre film directors will often employ most, whilst rejecting others. This gives pleasure to the audience.|
|Generic conventions of the rom-com?
||Generic conventions of horror?
|Archetypes||Definition: Types of characters we expect in certain genres e.g. in horror ‘The Final Girl’ in westerns, it’s the outsider, in action films we find the self-reliant hero who will not give up.|
|Cycles||Definition: Within genres we find smaller sub-genres, academically these are known as ‘cycles’. For example, within the crime film, we have the heist cycle, the gangster cycle, the murder investigation cycle and the outlaw couple cycle.|
|Examples for horror: The haunted house cycle, the slasher cycle, the monster cycle, the rural inbred cycle, the serial killer cycle, the zombie cycle, the found footage cycle, the exorcism cycle, etc.|
|Iconography||Definition: Theorist Ed Buscombe suggested that we can identify genres through sets of associated images and sounds (iconography). Each genre has a distinct set of common settings, costumes, props, sounds, etc. Even actors could become part of the iconography of genre if they appeared in many movies associated with a genre – e.g. Robert Englund and Horror .|
|Iconography – Western
Western iconography includes:
|Iconography – War
War iconography includes: